投稿日:2008/07/01投稿者:小島千昭
東京大学工学部計数工学科 システム情報談話会

7月25日金曜日15時00分より,東大本郷キャンパスにおきまして,
岩崎徹也教授(バージニア大学)のセミナーを,
東京大学工学部計数工学科 システム情報談話会として開催いたします.
岩崎教授には,歩行・水泳・飛行といった動物のリズミカルな運動を発生させる
中枢パターン発生器 (CPG) とよばれる神経回路網を用いた移動制御と
CPGに着目したフィードバック制御理論の新たな展開についてご講演いただきます. 
題目や概要などの詳細は以下に記しておりますので,
ご興味のある方はご参照いただけると幸いです.
ご多忙中のところと存じますが,皆様奮ってご参加をお待ちいたしております.


日時:2008年7月25日(金)15:00〜16:30

場所:東京大学本郷キャンパス 工学部6号館2F 第63講義室
 (アクセス) http://www.u-tokyo.ac.jp/campusmap/cam01_04_07_j.html#hongo

講演者:岩崎徹也教授(バージニア大学)

題目:Locomotor Control with Central Pattern Generator

概要: 
Rhythmic body movements observed in animal locomotion such as walking, 
swimming, flying, etc., are known to be controlled by neuronal circuits 
called central pattern generators (CPGs). Such biological control systems 
based on CPGs may provide a new paradigm for feedback control theory to 
achieve oscillations (rather than regulations) in a robust, adaptive, 
and autonomous manner. This talk poses several open questions associated 
with analysis and design of CPG-control systems. The first part of the 
talk focuses on the design of (artificial) CPGs. We show how to find the 
neuronal interconnection matrix for a CPG such that prescribed oscillation 
profile (frequency, amplitude, phase) is achieved. The method of 
multivariable harmonic balance is developed, and we have proved that this 
approximate result becomes exact in a special case where the desired 
phases are rational multiple of pi. The second part of the talk addresses 
an optimal gait problem where the periodic body movement for a locomotor 
is optimized so that a given cost function is minimized while achieving 
a prescribed speed. This difficult problem was addressed in the literature 
and some local solutions have been obtained. In contrast, we propose a 
globally optimal solution to an approximate problem. These results form 
a basis for developing a feedback control theory to achieve natural 
rhythmic motions. 

連絡先: 原 辰次 (Shinji_Hara@ipc.i.u-tokyo.ac.jp)
        小島千昭 (Chiaki_Kojima@ipc.i.u-tokyo.ac.jp)